Copyright Terms

All Luminous Insights journals are in Open Access; articles are immediately available for reading and reuse and can be downloaded, shared, and reused without restrictions as long as the original authors cited correctly. We use a Creative Commons license (CC-BY) for all published articles. It is uncommon to include material republished with permission under a more restrictive license. When it happens, this will identify. In this case, you may need to request permission for reuse and adaptation from the copyright owner.
Copyright remains with the authors who have chosen to make the articles available for reuse, so you do not need permission as they are available under the open license (CC-BY) since these licenses allow for reuse and adaptation. The license applicable included in the front part of the article in a human-machine-readable format.
Luminous Insights publishes contributions under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license (, and any data related to the article (including but not limited to any reference lists) is distributed according to the Creative Commons public domain Waiver of Dedication (

You may share (copy and redistribute the materials in any medium or format) and adapt (remixing, transforming, and building on materials) for any purpose (even commercially) Provided that you follow the licensing terms that include Making correct attribution (you must grant appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes made. You may do so in any reasonable way, but not in any way that implies that the licensor endorses or endorses your use), and not create any other restrictions ( You may not apply legal requirements or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits).